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arsine gas poisoning

Arsine (AsH 3) is a heavier-than-air (2.7×), colorless, nonirritating gas that is typically odorless but may have a faint odor of garlic or fish. Uses of the chemical. Arsine is an unpleasant gas and I had a big cylinder full of it. Inorganic arsenic compounds are much more poisonous to most biologic systems (animals, plants, humans) than organic arsenic (see below). The worker's exposure time was approximately one to two minutes. Inspection Open Date SIC Establishment Name; 308510270: 01/24/2005: 3674: Sumco Phoenix Corporation : Inspection Open Date SIC Establishment Name; 308510288: 01/24/2005: 3823: Powell Water Manufacturing Corporation: During the afternoon … Both survived; one developed acute renal failure and required peritoneal dialysis. Exposure to arsine gas results in the severe depletion of erythrocyte glutathione, causing red blood cell membrane instability and rapid, massive intravascular hemolysis. All exposure victims should be evaluated and observed. W. J. McKINSTRY (MC), U.S.N.R., and J. M. HICKES, M.D., Great Falls, Mont. Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Arsine gas poisoning: The importance of exchange transfusions in severe cases'. 3) is a colorless, flammable, water-soluble gas formed when arsenic comes in contact with an acidic aqueous solution. Together they form a unique fingerprint. Acute intravascular haemolysis and renal failure due to arsine poisoning . The main route of exposure is via inhalation although poisoning through the skin has been documented. 4.2 High risk circumstance of poisoning Most cases of arsine poisoning do not result from use of the gas itself; rather they occur when arsine is accidentally generated as by-product of a chemical reaction involving a metal containing an arsenic impurity and an acid or a strong alkali. It is used as a doping agent in microelectronics; also used in the manufacturing of organic chemicals and lead storage batteries. Carbon monoxide poisoning typically occurs from breathing in carbon monoxide (CO) at excessive levels. HAPAB An accident in the petroleum industry poisoned five workmen when arsine gas was accidentally generated by interaction between zinc- galvanized pipe and highly inhibited hydrochloric acid containing sodium meta-arsenite. This activity reviews the evaluation of arsenic toxicity and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in managing patients with this condition. [View Abstract] Teitelbaum DT, Kier LC. He was employed on a metal reduction process with hydrochloric-acid. CAS number: 7784-42-1 NIOSH REL: 0.002 mg/m3 15-minute CEILING; NIOSH considers arsine to be a potential occupational carcinogen as defined by the OSHA carcinogen policy [29 CFR 1990]. The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information Symptoms are often described as "flu-like" and commonly include headache, dizziness, weakness, vomiting, chest pain, and confusion.Large exposures can result in loss of consciousness, arrhythmias, seizures, or death. A case study of arsine (7784421) gas poisoning was presented to illustrate the importance of exchange transfusions in the treatment of severe cases. Arsine poisoning. Precursor methods. Business & Finance October 13, 2016 Norwegian oil & gas major Statoil informed that yesterday, October 12, at 4:05 pm notice was given of a workplace accident at the Sture terminal in Hordaland. There is little information about absorption through the skin or toxic effects on the skin or eyes. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. tuent of the exhausts of gas turbines using heavy residual fuels. Route of Exposure: Inhalation is the major route of arsine exposure. This gas attacks the haemoglobin in the red blood cells causing them to be destroyed by the body. Even if arsine’s odor was not detected at the scene, those present could have been seriously exposed. Current OSHA PEL: 0.05 ppm (0.2 mg/m3) TWA 1989 OSHA PEL: Same as current PEL 1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 0.05 ppm (0.16 mg/m3) TWA Description of substance: Colorless gas with a mild, garlic-like odor. EXPOSURE to arsine gas is an important environmental health hazard of concern in numerous and diverse occupational circumstances. Its toxicity results in acute intravascular hemolysis. A) USES: Arsine (AsH. Statoil Reports Gas Poisoning at Sture Terminal . Arsine, the most toxic form of arsenic, has some properties that may make it useful as a chemical warfare (CW) agent; it is a colorless, odorless, nonirritating gas that is 2.5 times denser than air. Arsine poisoning causes acute ... Arsine gas does not produce arsenic intoxication. Two subsequently died. Arsine gas does not produce acute arsenic intoxication. Route of Exposure: Inhalation is the major route of arsine exposure. Arsine causes a rapid … It is lethal in concentrations far lower than what is required to be able to detect an odor. There is little information . Whole blood exchange transfusion and hemodialysis have been recommended to treat severe acute arsine poisoning, but are associated with significant complications and sub-optimal outcomes. Arsine gas poisoning: the importance of exchange transfusions in severe cases. Home Subsea Statoil Reports Gas Poisoning at Sture Terminal. It is slightly soluble in water, and aqueous solutions are neutral. It is our wish in writing this paper that all physicians who see industrial workers at some time in their practice at some time in their practice It has a garlic-like odor. Arsine poisoning. INTRODUCTION: Exposure to arsine gas can cause fatal hemolysis and multiorgan damage. Twosubsequently died. 43(5):353-5. Mostofthe workonarsine poisoning reported in the literature deals with the characteristic blood changes observed after inhalation of the gas. 1986 May. We used it in gas deposition chambers to dope semi-conductor surfaces in our microelectronics lab in Queens. about absorption through the skin or toxic effects on the skin or eyes. The cause of the hemoglobinuria was exposure to arsine gas from a cylinder thought to be empty. On exposure to light, moist arsine decomposes quickly, depositing shiny black arsenic. Arsine is stored under pressure in glass lined cannisters. Kleinfeld MJ. Find the perfect arsine gas stock photo. Arsenic comes in four common valence states: As(o), As(III), As(V) and Arsine gas and three common forms: inorganic salt, organic salt, and gaseous form. One man died within 1/2 hr of poisoning and three suffered minor exposure. Exposure is via inhalation; it is not absorbed through the skin, nor does it cause skin irritation. For a gas such as arsine, which is irreversibly fixed by the body, it then remains to be found whatamounts ofthe gas are absorbed during medianlethal exposures. Arsine (IUPAC name: arsane) is an inorganic compound with the formula As H 3.This flammable, pyrophoric, and highly toxic pnictogen hydride gas is one of the simplest compounds of arsenic. Br J Ind Med. When found in natural gas, arsine, phosphine, and ammonia levels can contribute to the poisoning of gas … Arsine is a very toxic, colorless, non-irritating gas with a disagreeable garlic odor. Arsines are removed from gaseous stream, e.g., hydrocarbon or inert gas streams, comprising arsine impurities and also hydrogen sulfide, by contacting these gas streams with a sorbent material comprising copper oxide and zinc oxide. Two men developed acute intravascular haemolysis after exposure to arsine gas in a metal smelting works. Skin contact with liquid arsine may result in frostbite injury. Vanadium, which is present in the natural oil in complex compounds, appears as the pentoxide after combustion, andthis forms an acid solution in water. Arsine gas does not produce arsenic intoxication. A 36 year old white male worker in a metal refinery near Johannesburg, South Africa, presented with arsine poisoning. Target Audience. Onset of signs occurs within 30–60 min of exposure. It is used in smelting operations, organic synthesis, the microelectronics industry, and less frequently for galvanizing, soldering, etching, and lead plating. No need to register, buy now! Arsine poisoning causes acute intravascular hemolysis, which may lead to renal failure. Arsine is well-known in forensic science because it is a chemical intermediate in the detection of arsenic poisoning. Or eyes is stored under pressure in glass lined cannisters it is used as a agent. 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